Linguistics

The most comprehensive grammatical resource for Cicipu is Stuart McGill's PhD thesis Gender and person agreement in Cicipu discourse. This contains a sketch phonology and grammar as well as details of the gender (i.e. noun class) and person agreement systems.

The Cicipu dictionary (edited by Stuart McGill and Markus Yabani) is available online, with glosses and audio example sentences in both English and Hausa.

Additional published and unpublished works on Cicipu and other Kainji languages are listed below, see also various anthropological and historical works which mention the Acipu.

Published works

Unpublished materials

General linguistics publications mentioning Cicipu

  • Crozier, David H. & Roger M. Blench. 1992. An Index of Nigerian Languages. 2nd edition. Dallas: SIL [3rd edition is online].
  • Gerhardt, Ludwig. 1989. Kainji and Platoid. In John Bendor-Samuel (ed.), The Niger-Congo languages, 359-76. Lanham: University Press of America.
  • Blench, Roger. M. 1988. The Basa-Kamuku languages. Paper for the 18th Colloquium on African Languages, Leiden [superseded by Blench n.d. c.]
  • Westermann, Diedrich & M. Bryan. 1952. Languages of West Africa: Part II. London: OUP for IAI.
  • Bertho, J. 1952. Aperçu d'ensemble sur les dialectes de l'ouest de Nigéria. Bulletin IFAN 14, 259-71.

Linguistics resources on Kainji languages

Most of these links are to external websites, in particular the SIL website and Roger Blench's - the latter especially for a more comprehensive bibliography on Kainji languages.

  • Blench, Roger. M. 1988. The Basa-Kamuku languages. Paper for the 18th Colloquium on African Languages, Leiden [superseded by Blench n.d. c.]
  • Blench, Roger. M. 1991. Dictionary of the language of the Bas(s)a people. Electronic manuscript.
  • Blench, Roger. M. 2007. A sketch of the phonology and an extended wordlist of TsuVaɗi, a Kambari language of Western Nigeria. Electronic manuscript.
  • Blench, Roger. M. n.d. a. The Laru people and their language. Electronic manuscript.
  • Blench, Roger. M. n.d. b.  The Lopa language of Central Nigeria and its affinities. Electronic manuscript.
  • Blench, Roger. M. n.d. c. The Kainji languages of northwestern Nigeria: Comparative wordlist. Electronic manuscript.
  • Blench, Roger M. & McGill, Stuart. 2012. Advances in minority language research in Nigeria vol. 1 (African languages monographs 5). Köln: Rüdiger Köppe.
  • Boettger, E. & V. Boettger. 1967. Tsureshe Grammar. Unpublished manuscript.
  • Cressman, Esther & Donna Skitch. 1980. Duka. In M. Kropp-Dakubu (ed.), West African language data sheets, vol. 2. Leiden: WALS/ASC.
  • Crozier, David H. 1984. A study in the discourse grammar of Cishingini.  PhD dissertation, University of Ibadan.
  • Crozier, David H. & Roger M. Blench. 1992. An Index of Nigerian Languages. 2nd edition. Dallas: SIL [3rd edition is online].
  • De Wolf, Paul Polydoor. 1971. The noun class system of Proto-Benue-Congo. The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Dettweiler, Stephen H. 2000. Vowel harmony and neutral vowels in C’Lela. Journal of West African Languages 28, 3-18.
  • Dettweiler, Stephen H. & Sonia G. Dettweiler. 2002. Sociolinguistic survey (level one) of the Pongu people. Electronic manuscript.
  • Dettweiler, Stephen H. & Sonia G. Dettweiler. 2002. Sociolinguistic survey (level one) of the Reshe people. Electronic manuscript.
  • Dettweiler, Stephen H. & Sonia G. Dettweiler. 2003. Sociolinguistic survey of the Duka (Hun-Saare) people. Electronic manuscript.
  • Dettweiler, Stephen H. & Sonia G. Dettweiler. 2005. Sociolinguistic survey of the Lela people. Electronic manuscript.
  • Gerhardt, Ludwig. 1989. Kainji and Platoid. In John Bendor-Samuel (ed.), The Niger-Congo languages, 359-76. Lanham: University Press of America.
  • Heath, David & Carleen Heath. 2002. A phonological and grammatical sketch of the Dukawa language. Electronic manuscript.
  • Hoffmann, Carl. 1963. The noun-class system of Central Kambari. Journal of African Languages 2(2), 160-9.
  • Hoffmann, Carl. 1965. A wordlist of Central Kambari. Journal of West African Languages 2(2), 7-31.
  • Hoffmann, Carl. 1967. An outline of the Dakarkari noun class system and the relation between prefix and suffix noun-class systems. In G. Manessy (ed.), La classification nominale dans les langues négro-africaines, 237-59. Paris: CNRS.
  • Hoffmann, Carl. 1972. A note on vowel contraction in Central Kambari. Research Notes [Ibadan] 5(2/3), 73-91.
  • Koelle, Sigismund Wilhelm. 1963. Polyglotta Africana: photomechanic reprint of the original edition, Church Missionary Society, London 1854. Freetown: Fourah Bay College.
  • Lovelace, David. 1989. Computer printout on Tsuvaɗi.
  • MacDonell, James. 2007. A phonological and grammatical sketch of the Pongu language. Electronic manuscript.
  • McGill, Stuart, 2008. The Damakawa language. Electronic manuscript.
  • Rikoto, B., P. Senchi, Stephen H. Dettweiler, and Sonia G. Dettweiler. 2002. KˀBa̱tksa̱: CˀLela—CˀTuranci—CˀGana Dictionary =  CˀLela—English—Hausa = Kamus: Na Dakarci—Turanci—Hausa.  Lelna Language Development/Translation Association.
  • Rowlands, E. C. 1962. Notes on some class languages of northern Nigeria. African Language Studies 3, 71-83.
  • Smith, Rebecca Dow. 2007. The noun class system of Ut-ma'in.  MA dissertation, University of North Dakota.
  • Stark, Janie P. 2003. The Tsikimba-Hausa-English dictionary. Salka: Kambari Language Project.
  • Stark, Janie P. 2004. The Cishingini-Hausa-English dictionary. Salka: Kambari Language Project.
  • Stark, Janie P. 2004. The Tsishingini-Hausa-English dictionary. Salka: Kambari Language Project.
  • Williamson, Kay & Kiyoshi Shimizu. 1968. Benue-Congo comparative wordlist. Ibadan: University of Ibadan, West African Linguistic Society.